Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as prostate gland enlargement, is a very common problem that affects more than 50% of men over 50 and more than 80% of men over 80. The prostate surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine out from the bladder. As the prostate grows, it may press into the urethra and cause certain urinary symptoms.
The most common symptoms of BPH may seem like just a part of getting older, but they shouldn’t be ignored. If you are currently experiencing one or more of these symptoms, talk to your doctor and decide if further testing is necessary.
- Difficulty starting or stopping urination
- Needing extra time to fully empty the bladder
- Sudden urgency to urinate
- Waking up with the feeling to urinate two or more times per night, when there’s actually very little urine to empty
- Inability to completely empty the bladder
- UTIs or bladder stones
BPH Treatment Options
There are many BPH treatment options including transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), laser surgery (also known as PVP), prostate artery embolization or microwave therapy. Each treatment option uses a different technique to remove excess prostate tissue that blocks the flow of urine. The best BPH treatment option for you will depend on your individual symptoms, the size of your prostate, your medical history and your personal preferences.
If left untreated, the prostate gland may continue to swell enough to completely block the flow of urine, which could lead to bladder problems and infections. Treating BPH early is important in order to avoid potentially more serious problems with the bladder and kidneys.
Check Your Symptoms
To check the severity of your symptoms, take this short survey developed by the American Urological Association, which is available on our website. Discuss your results with your physician to determine if treatment is necessary and what type might be best for you.